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Description of Borobudur Temple (Stub)

Posted by: Dion Dwityabaswara @ 4:25 am
April 3, 2006 — Category: Conceptual

(This document is a Stub, meaning it needs proper source and/or citation information.)

The Borobudur Temple is considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. This temple is located at Borobudur District. South of Magelang in the Province of Jawa Tengah.
The expression of experts who had been studying Borobudur Temple varied some way. Bernet Kempers’ expression was Borobudur is Borobudur, meaning that Borobudur Temple is very unique in her own way. Nieuwenkamp (an artist) imaginated Borobudur as a big lotus flower bud ready to bloom which was floating on a lake. Nieuwkamps’ imagination was supported by N. Rangkuti (1987) that from the air, the Borobudur Temple looks floating.
From the geological studies, experts were able to prove that Borobudur area was one time a big lake. Most of the villages around Borobudur Temple were at the same altitude, 235 meters above the sea level. The same altitude included the Pawon Temple and Mendut Temple. Thus the area under 235 meters altitude was below the lake water level.
Based on the inscription dated 842 A.D., Capparis suggested that Borobudur was one time a place for praying. The inscription stated a phrase such as: “Kawulan i Bhumi Sambhara”. Kawulan means the origin of holiness. Bhumi sambhara is a name of a place in Borobudur. Paul Mus stated that Borobudur Temple had the structure of stupa (conical form) with double expression. As a whole, the Borobudur Temple was an open-flat stupa but on the other hand, the temple expressed the idea of a closed world.
The latter expression could be felt when one is already inside the temple. Whenever a person is inside the temple, his or her view will be limited to high walls full on relief’s, the veranda is always squared in such away that once could not see other parts of the temple, even in a same floor. The same feeling happened if one stood on arupadhatu round platform, he or she will have a wider view only on that level but are not able to see the lower level nor the upper level like the one on rupadhatu and kamandhatu.
It could be said that Borobudur is a symbol of cosmic mountain covered by the sky roof, a specific world that could be reached through isolated alleys as stages. The closed structural design of the temple expressed the concept of a closed world, not just a technical reasons as had been suggested by other experts. (Daud AT, 1987).
Borobudur was built by Sanmaratungga in the eighth century and belongs to Buddha Mahayana. Borobudur was revealed by Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles in 1814. The temple was found in ruined condition and was buried.
The overall height was forty-two meters but was only 34.5 meters after restoration and had the dimension of 123 x 123 meters (15.129 square meters). There were ten floors. The first floor up to the sixth floor was square from. And the seventh to the tenth floor were round form.
Borobudur is facing to the East with a total of 1,460 panels (two meters wide each). Total size of the temple walls was 2,500 square meters, full of relief. The total number of panels with relief was 1,212. According to investigations, the total number of Buddha statue was 504 including the intact and damaged statues. The temple-undergone restoration from 1905 to 1910 and the last restoration were done in 1973 to 1983.

Taken from www.indahnesia.com (http://indahnesia.com/indonesia/BOROB1/borobudur_introduction.php)

3rd BOROBUDUR FIELD SCHOOL (BFS)

Posted by: Dion Dwityabaswara @ 10:42 am
March 19, 2006 — Category: Conceptual

3rd INTERNATIONAL FIELD SCHOOL ON BOROBUDUR CULTURAL LANDSCAPE HERITAGE CONSERVATION
by Center for Heritage Conservation (CHC), University of Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
in Collaboration with:
Takada-Kanki Laboratory, Kyoto University, Japan
Miyagawa Seminar, Wakayama University, Japan
Indonesia Heritage Trust (BPPI)
Jogja Heritage Society (JHS)
March 27th – April 2nd 2006

This is an important event regarding the “future” of Borobudur as discussed in the “Borobudur UNESCO Expert Meeting” on July 2003, in which a requirement for study of its cultural landscape was made.

This is the THIRD of the field school series and this time it concentrates on improving participant’s ability to implement cultural landscape preservation, which includes: inventarization, documentation, presentation, and the resulting guidelines for a given area.

The field school will take place in 6 days starting March 27 to April 2, 2006, right on the spot of Borobudur and its landscape environment. Participant will have homestay accomodations on the local villages.

Activities include: a. Field Lecture, b. Borobudur Heritage Trail and Sunrise Trip, c. Field Survey, d. Community Discussion, e. Presentation, f. Activities with the local people.

For additional information please contact:

Center for Heritage Conservation
Jl. Grafika 2, Sekip Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Phone: +62 274 544910
Fax: +62 274 580852

Contact Person: Sinta, Rully
E-mail: she_jogja@yahoo.com, (Sinta)

rintihan kecil … [translation: a whisper of pain]

Posted by: granita @ 9:44 am
March 17, 2006 — Category: Articles/Press,Conceptual

Sudah terlalu lama kita memandang Borobudur hanya sebagai monumen, bendawi. Bahkan masyarakat di sekitar Borobudur sudah mulai melupakan kegiatan-kegiatan yang mereka biasa laksanakan di sekitar Borobudur misalnya piknik beramai-ramai saat lebaran. Borobudur terlihat semakin jauh dari pengguna ruangnya. Saat ini ruang-ruang Borobudur bermakna “pariwisata”. Mungkin hanya 1 tahun sekali saat waisak, Borobudur kembali menemukan jatidirinya sebagai bangunan ibadah, selebihnya selama 364 hari Borobudur hanya bisa merintih sebagai obyek wisata. Sampai kapan …??? Adakah proyekmu ini bisa ikut andil dalam memperbaiki nasib Borobodur, mengembalikan Borobudur di “tempat”nya yang terpuja …

[translation by Admin]
Too long have we been considering Borobudur as a phyisical monument. Even people living around Borobudur have started to leave their habit of using Borobudur’s surrounding for example as a place for celebrating Ramadhan (Islam’s Celebration). Borobudur is becoming further from being “used”. At the moment, spaces in Borobudur are considered as “tourism” spaces. Only about once a year that Buddhists can use Borobudur during the Vaisak Celebration that Borobudur can be it’s true being, and the rest 364 days Borobudur can only “mourn” as a tourist object. How many more days Borobudur has to suffer? Will this project provide contribution to make a better “life” for Borobudur? Can this project return Borobudur to its original sacred being?

Granita is an assistant professor of the Magister Perencanaan Kota dan Daerah (Magister of City and Regional Planning), University of Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.